The Transsexual Empire

The Making of the She-Male

Janice G. Raymond


“The idea of transgender is provocative.  On a personal level, it allows for a continuum of gendered expression. On a political level, it never moves off this continuum to an existence in which gender is truly transcended. Its supposedly iconoclastic rebellion against traditional gender confinement is more style than substance.  What good is a gender outlaw who is still abiding by the law of gender?”

— Introduction to the 1994 edition of The Transsexual Empire: the Making of the She-Male


“Ostensibly, the ‘transsexers’…are curing a disease; actually they engage in the religious and political shaping and controling of ‘masculine’ and ‘feminine’ behavior…. Raymond’s development and documentation of this thesis is flawless. Her book is an important achievement.”

— Thomas Szasz, The New York Times Book Review

Fictions and Facts About the Transsexual Empire